Cite gprMax

If you use gprMax and publish your work we would be grateful if you could cite our work!

The principal reference for gprMax is [1] which describes the new version of the software and its main features. If you have used specific elements of the software you might also like to cite: [2] - soil modelling, rough surfaces; [3] - dispersive materials; [4] - advanced features of the RIPML; [5] - GPR antenna models. If you wish to reference the development history of gprMax you can also cite [6].

  1. Warren, C., Giannopoulos, A., & Giannakis I. (2016). gprMax: Open source software to simulate electromagnetic wave propagation for Ground Penetrating Radar, Computer Physics Communications, 209, 163-170, 10.1016/j.cpc.2016.08.020.
  2. Giannakis, I., Giannopoulos, A., Warren, C. (2016). A Realistic FDTD Numerical Modeling Framework of Ground Penetrating Radar for Landmine Detection. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 9(1), 37-51, 10.1109/JSTARS.2015.2468597.
  3. Giannakis, I., Giannopoulos, A. (2014). A Novel Piecewise Linear Recursive Convolution Approach for Dispersive Media Using the Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 62(5), 2669-2678, 10.1109/TAP.2014.2308549.
  4. Giannopoulos, A. (2012). Unsplit Implementation of Higher Order PMLs. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 60(3), 1479-1485, 10.1109/TAP.2011.2180344.
  5. Warren, C., Giannopoulos, A. (2011). Creating finite-difference time-domain models of commercial ground-penetrating radar antennas using Taguchi's optimization method. Geophysics, 76(2), G37-G47, 10.1190/1.3548506.
  6. Giannopoulos, A. (2005). Modelling ground penetrating radar by GprMax, Construction and Building Materials, 19(10), 755-762, 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2005.06.007.

You can also get references and links to the PhD theses of the development team.

Research using gprMax

gprMax has been successfully used for a diverse range of applications in academia and industry, from fields including engineering, geophysics, archaeology, and medicine. The following table lists publications from 2006-2018 (extracted from Scopus on 19-10-2018) that have cited references [1] or [6].